Characteristics Of Machiavellianism, Psychopathy And Narcissism

1171 Words 5 Pages
1.3. The Dark triad
Recent research has shown that Dark triad traits (Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism; Paulhus & Williams, 2002) are related to a greater tendency, for both men and women, to engage in sexual harassment (Zeigler-Hill et al., 2016). Therefore, the present study focused on these traits and their effect on perceptions of harassment as it is highly likely that an individual who has a tendency to engage in sexual harassment, also holds an inaccurate perception of the behaviour. The Dark triad traits, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism, are related but distinct traits which are socially undesirable (Paulhus & Williams, 2002). They are characterised by empathy deficits, disagreeableness, callousness, manipulation, deceit, exploitation, and lack of honesty-humility (Jones & Paulhus, 2011). Machiavellianism relates to a cynical, unemotional and pragmatic approach to life and maximisation of personal outcomes at the expense of others using deception and manipulation. (Rauthmann & Will, 2011). Psychopathy consists of thrill-seeking, manipulation and antisocial behaviour (Williams, Nathanson, & Paulhus, 2003). It can be separated into primary (shallow,
…show more content…
Its also associated with limited concern for others (an ‘agentic' worldview) (Morf & Rhodewalt, 2001; Raskin & Terry, 1988). Although these traits are typically viewed as undesirable and linked with decreased moral development (Arvan, 2013; Campbell et al., 2009), evolutionary psychologists argue that these traits must somehow be beneficial for them to have been selected for (e. g. Short-term mating; Holtzman & Strube, 2013; Jonason, Li, Webster, & Schmitt, 2009). The unique characteristics of the traits may increase reproductive fitness, through exploitive and manipulative strategies (Jonason & Buss, 2012; Jonason & Kavanagh,

Related Documents