Characteristics Of Diabetes Mellitus
In 2010, diabetes was mentioned as a cause of death in a total of 234,051 certificates” (CDC data, 2012).
Epidemiological factors associated with Diabetes Mellitus
1. Genetic predispositions is a contributing factor.
Increase in age-adjusted rates of diagnosed Diabetes per 100 U.S civilian, non-institutionalized population, by of race: whites (140%), blacks (106%), Asians (103%), Hispanic (60%). (CDC data, 2012).
2. Native Americans and African American have higher incidence rates compared to other ethnics. “Diabetes was over twice as prevalent among African-Americans (10.3%) as compared to whites (4.6%)” (Brancati, F. L., Whelton, P.K., Kuller, L.h., Klag, M.J., 1996).
One of the implication of the care for people with diabetes and diabetes prevention is achieving fairness in quality care. Since prevalence of diabetes differs among the ethnic groups, the barriers of diabetes care include; socioeconomic status, education level, insurance coverage and more. “Managing specific patient populations consumes more time and resources” (NIH data).
3. Presence of viral infection increases risk for Diabetes, especially Type 2 …show more content…
Cost of diabetes
In US alone the total cost of treating diabetes in 2013 was $245 billion. The direct medical cost-$ 176 billion (72%). The remaining amount is associated with reduced productivity ($69-28%). It is estimated that about 1.4 million of US residents is diagnosed with diabetes every year. (American Diabetes Association, 2012). Taking under consideration the costs of treating diabetes, the projected cost in the next 5 years will exceed $1.2 trillion, since there is more new cases diagnosed every year (1.7