Characteristics Of Diabetes Mellitus

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Diabetes Mellitus is an endocrine disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels during periods of fasting as well as after consuming a meal. Some of the symptoms of the disease are: thirst, excessive urination, sugar in urine and fatigue. The disease is caused by resistance to the Insulin or inadequate production of the hormone. Insulin is responsible for transporting glucose from the blood into every cell in the body for energy. Diabetes is a chronic disease that causes multiple complications including retinopathy, neuropathy, foot ulcers, and gangrene as well as contributes to heart diseases. Management of Diabetes includes maintaining the blood glucose at near normal level. The rate of prevalence progression of the disease in the US …show more content…
In 2010, diabetes was mentioned as a cause of death in a total of 234,051 certificates” (CDC data, 2012).
Epidemiological factors associated with Diabetes Mellitus
Biophysical Characteristics:
1. Genetic predispositions is a contributing factor.
Increase in age-adjusted rates of diagnosed Diabetes per 100 U.S civilian, non-institutionalized population, by of race: whites (140%), blacks (106%), Asians (103%), Hispanic (60%). (CDC data, 2012).
2. Native Americans and African American have higher incidence rates compared to other ethnics. “Diabetes was over twice as prevalent among African-Americans (10.3%) as compared to whites (4.6%)” (Brancati, F. L., Whelton, P.K., Kuller, L.h., Klag, M.J., 1996).
One of the implication of the care for people with diabetes and diabetes prevention is achieving fairness in quality care. Since prevalence of diabetes differs among the ethnic groups, the barriers of diabetes care include; socioeconomic status, education level, insurance coverage and more. “Managing specific patient populations consumes more time and resources” (NIH data).
3. Presence of viral infection increases risk for Diabetes, especially Type 2
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Census data).
Cost of diabetes
In US alone the total cost of treating diabetes in 2013 was $245 billion. The direct medical cost-$ 176 billion (72%). The remaining amount is associated with reduced productivity ($69-28%). It is estimated that about 1.4 million of US residents is diagnosed with diabetes every year. (American Diabetes Association, 2012). Taking under consideration the costs of treating diabetes, the projected cost in the next 5 years will exceed $1.2 trillion, since there is more new cases diagnosed every year (1.7

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