Chapter 27: The New Power Balance, 1850-1900

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Chapter 27—The New Power Balance, 1850-1900 1. How was ocean shipping transformed by the mid-nineteenth century?
a. There were more efficient, powerful engines.
b. The average size of freighters increased from 200 to 7,500 tons.
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The Suez Canal inadvertently assisted imperialism by
a. making transit into sub-Saharan Africa easier, thus creating the scramble for Africa.
b. isolating Egypt from the Ottoman Empire's protection.
c. creating lower shipping costs, thus stimulating shipping and construction of steamships for overseas trade.*
d. setting France and England at war with one another.
e. making a deal with Egypt to sell out other African nations at the Berlin Conference. 5. Often colonial territory was seized without the consent of the home government by
a. ex-slave traders motivated to make money on the colony.
b. journalists trying to gather news information in the tropics.
c. scientists doing research in remote regions of Africa and Asia.
d. colonial officers deciding on their claim to a piece of territory.*
e. mercenaries and escaped convicts. 6. Among the cultural motives for the New Imperialism was a desire to
a. spread Christianity.
b. abolish slavery.
c. "civilize" people of the colonies by bringing them Western education, medicine, and customs.
d. end oppressive treatment of women, like sati.
e. All of these* 7. The colonies offered job opportunities to European women, who often
a. served as wives for indigenous
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as Nietzsche said, God was dead. 9. The most harmful aspect of the Western sense of cultural superiority was the
a. racist ideas that deemed non-Europeans inferior.*
b. use of biological warfare against the colonies.
c. creation of a culture of poverty and desperation in Asia.
d. tendency to marginalize non-Western ideas.
e. All of these 10. The economic motive for imperialism was that
a. European merchants needed to secure new markets for their goods.
b. European businesses wanted to look for new opportunities in Asia and Africa.
c. industrialization created a high demand for raw materials.
d. Europeans needed to protect their home markets.
e. All of these* 11. The major technological advantages influencing European dominance were
a. superior accounting.
b. communications and mobility.*
c. numismatics and metallurgy.
d. food preservation and print technology.
e. e-mail and cell phones. 12. One of the greatest barriers to the European invasion of inland African territories was
a. the lack of knowledge of the geography.
b. Falciparum malaria.
c. the great African rivers.
d. the great African mountains.
e. All of these 13. A technological advance of the late nineteenth century was
a. the breech-loading

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