Changes and Continuties over Indian Ocean Trade Essay

614 Words Dec 4th, 2012 3 Pages
Changes and Continuities Over The Indian Ocean Trade
The Indian Ocean trade was efficient sea-based trade routes that brought not only various good but also ideas and cultural diversities. It dates back to as early as 2000 BCE and continued being used for centuries after. Indian ocean trade remained relatively peaceful, in spite of this the kingdoms and religions that dominated the region changed frequently. The kingdoms and people involved with the Indian Ocean trade changed frequently between 2000 BCE and 1450. The Indian Ocean trade started as early as Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley civilizations, though it was only small scale trade it continues to evolve. several centuries later Alexander the great and the Roman Empire used the
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For a long period of time Indian Ocean trade was dominated by Muslim merchants and with this came Islamic religion, culture and ideas. Another reason why it stayed so composed was because it was sea-based and was considered neutral territory by afro-asian people, so no conquest occurred. While trade was generally peaceful, the different religions that dominated the region changed quite frequently as well. Early on when the Roman Empire controlled what little of the Indian Ocean trade there was, the dominant religion was christianity. This did not stay the same for very long though when the Muslim merchants took over the vast majority of the trade and spread it out farther. In fact, a large amount of the Islamic population now resides in Indonesia. Along with Islam there was also many Hindu and Buddhist practices that were being spread along the sea. Christianity did in fact try to worm its way back when the Crusades were launched around 1000-1200 to destroy the Islamic Empire and take back the Holy Land, ultimately the crusades ended up being a failure and Europe was still left out of the Indian Ocean trade. Indian Ocean trade experienced many changes and continuities between 2000 BCE and 1450. A Continuity being the peaceful environment it maintained throughout time, whereas a the people and religions involved with the trade changed frequently. These changes and Continuities were largely affected by the mongols

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