celta language analysis written assignment Essay
Grammar item 1: …but sooner or later we have to sleep.
In this sentence have to sleep is used to express the idea that we are obliged to sleep even if we don’t wish to do so.
CCQs: Is it something we must do? Yes. Can we avoid it? No.
Use of examples: We have to use the safety belt. Children have to attend school by law.
Have to is a non-modal alternative to the modal verb must to talk about obligation.
It is interchangeable with have got to, this last form being more common in spoken and informal British
The structure of the have to form is Subject+ Have+ Infinitive (with to).
The negative form expresses an absence of obligation.
It can be used in questions to …show more content…
Lexis item 2: We can put off sleeping for a limited period.
To delay doing something, especially because you do not want to do it2
CCQs: Do you want to sleep now? No. Will you postpone going to bed? Yes Will you go to sleep eventually? Yes.
Personalise with students’ examples: What do you usually put off? Have you put off doing something today? Phrasal verb (transitive, separable).
The object goes before or after the particle, though when a pronoun is used it comes before the particle.
Put off can take the gerund.
Phrasal verbs are mainly used in spoken English and informal texts.
We can put off sleeping for a limited period.
Anticipated problems and solutions
Problem: Students confuse the correct meaning of the two word verb with the sum of the individual meaning of each of the words i.e. put off=lay something away.
Solution: Use put off in context, CCQs and personalise by requesting examples from students.
Problem: Students leave out or use the wrong particle.
Solution: Students read a text with lots of phrasal verbs, request them to identify and mark them. Check meaning and then provide fill-in-gap practice.
Problem: Incorrect word order if the object is a pronoun, i.e. We put off it.
Solution: Provide an example with the different