Causes And Effects Of The Rwandan Genocide

Good Essays
Causes and Effects of the Rwandan Genocide
The word ‘genocide’ originates from the Greek word ‘genos’ meaning tribe or race, and the Latin word ‘cide’ meaning killing (Cook 4). The Rwandan Genocide stands one of the worst massacres of its kind and one of the bloodiest wars in the history of the world (Cook 88). The genocide predominantly involved the slaying of the people of the Tutsi ethnic tribe. In just one hundred days, an approximately 800,000 Tutsis had been killed by the people of the Hutu ethnic tribe (Barnett 4). This portion accounted for about a tenth of the population of the East African nation. The Hutu also died during the genocide, but the number was far less than that of the Tutsis.
The crude killing spree began after the
…show more content…
In fact, the Hutu and Tutsi people speak the same language, Kinyarwanda, and have almost similar cultures (Mamdani 73). That the two groups would fight so badly was unimaginable. The difference between them is their physical attributes, with the Tutsis being taller and more slender than their counterparts. The Tutsi is believed to have originated from Ethiopia. For this reason, during the massacre, many of the Tutsis murdered were thrown into the river so that “they could return to their homeland” (Mamdani 86).
The colonizers of Rwanda, to some extent, are to blame for the 1994 genocide. During their rule in Rwanda, the Belgians introduced an aristocratic system of leadership and placed the Hutus a notch higher than the Tutsis (Melvern 174). The colonialists favored the Hutu in the awarding of opportunities in education, employment and leadership. This preferential treatment by the Belgians planted the seed of antagonism between the Hutu and the
…show more content…
Close to a million lives were lost, children were orphaned, women raped and men mutilated. The children live without the guidance and support of parent figures. Some women suffer HIV/AIDS while others bore children who remind them of the dark times. Many men live without their limbs, eyes and other parts of their body that were removed. As much as victims would want to forget the events of April to June 1994, there are constant reminders of the same (Dellaire 112).
Men were the main targets in the killings. Therefore, the massacre altered the demographic pattern of Rwanda, leaving more widows and many women without suitors for marriage. For this reason, polygamy is widely accepted in the Rwandese culture. This also contributed to the high rates of HIV transmission in the country. (Human Rights Watch 59).
The Rwandan Genocide of 1994 is an occurrence that will never leave the hearts and minds of the Rwandese people. Every day the events of the massacre will remind them of the cruelty that was done by the very people they were living with, long-time friends, and even relatives (Dellaire 116). The memories are ugly and scary. Nobody would dream of a repeat of the

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    The Rwanda Genocide

    • 1215 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Genocide brings great destruction to humanity. Genocide is the deliberate systematic killing of a large group of people, especially those of an ethnic group or nation. A big genocide that everyone knows about is the Holocaust. In the Holocaust millions of people died in 6 years because there was hatred towards the Jews. Another genocide that took place and managed to kill one million people in one hundred days was the Rwandan Genocide.…

    • 1215 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Rwanda Conflict

    • 1022 Words
    • 5 Pages

    United we stand, divided we fall. A country divided by its people cannot be stable for long. Rwanda is divided into two main ethnic groups, the Tutsi (minority) and the Hutu (majority). Tensions were already high between the two groups, but the alleged assassination of President Juvénal Habyarimana triggered the Rwandan Genocide on April 6, 1994. The Hutu started to kill the Tutsi, resulting in 800,000 casualties.…

    • 1022 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In Rwanda, Africa, the year 1994 was probably the most terrific year for the nation's history. More than 800,000 Tutsi were brutally massacred at the machetes of Hutu while the entire world stood by and watched. What was the reason of this conflict? How was it possible to allow for such escalation of hatred? The main reason of such a tragedy can be tied to European colonialism in Rwanda.…

    • 912 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Tribal Rwanda Genocide

    • 1195 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Between the dates of April 6 and July 1994, nearly one million citizens of Rwanda’s seven million population were massacred in an effort to exterminate Rwanda’s Tutsi population (Klinghoffer 3). Neighbors killed neighbors. Torture, rape, looting, and exile ensued. People who had been living together for decades, sharing the same language, culture, and religion became enemies. The violence was genocide-- a deliberate, systematic annihilation of Rwanda’s racially-defined Tutsi group (Straus 1).…

    • 1195 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Genocide which lasted for one hundred days saw the death of over 800,000 Tutsi men, women and children and moderate Hutus. In her memoir, Nishimwe narrates how hatred steered the country into the brink of the war, eventually resulting in genocide. The propaganda and accusations saw the birth of a crisis between the Hutu people and the Tutsi and neighbors turning against each other. In the memoir, hateful…

    • 1184 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    On April 6, 1994 the death of the Presidents of Rwanda and Burundi sparked a massacre within Rwanda, known as the Rwandan Genocide. Genocide is defined in the Oxford Dictionary as the “deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation. ” Social bias, discrimination and prejudice ultimately lead to the death of up to 1,000,000 Rwandans. What social roles lead to this massacre and what precautions can be taken to prevent an event like this? Based on research and information received in lectures I have investigated the causes that have led to the Rwandan genocide of the Tutsi people and developed a recovery plan ensuring that the events described will not happen again.…

    • 2235 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In fact, more than one million innocent people died during the event; about eight-hundred thousand died within one-hundred days, mostly Tutsis. Search teams were sent to houses and people were horribly tortured and killed. Ironically, “the professions most closely associated with valuing life—doctors and nurses, priests and teachers, human rights activists—got embroiled in… the Rwandan genocide” (Mamdani 6). Some doctors who were extremists such as Dr. Sosthene Munyemana, refused to treat sick Tutsis or killed patients. The hospitals turned away refugees who needed a place to hide.…

    • 1482 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    For example, in Rwanda, more 800,000 people were killed, after being discriminated against for years (Genocide in Rwanda). The genocide in Rwanda could only be solved because other countries stepped in because they had the obligation to. To this day, the oppression and violence in Rwanda still continues, but it is much more dormant and peaceful thanks to the infiltration of other countries and militia that went against their own country in order to solve a conflict . In other words, the main cause of the genocide in Rwanda was built up anger, and racial discrimination to the point where nearly 75% of an entire ethnicity was brutally murdered. The way this crisis was eventually solved was by citizens and soldiers exercising civil disobedience in order to stop the killing and most importantly, to stop the injustice and the…

    • 1340 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    “Tutsi in Rwanda, much like Jews in Nazi Germany, were ‘socially dead’ people, whose murder was as acceptable as it became common” (Hintjens, 241). Starting April 1994, the country of Rwanda began to witness the mass slaughter directed towards the Tutsi minority killing around a million people. This genocide is defined as a genocide because it was planned before it actually occurred. The main purpose of this literature review is to figure out some of the main causes of the genocide through Rwanda’s history as a colony and the role of social constructivism, and the drive of Hutu elites to maintain their sovereignty supported by two journals by scholars Peter Uvin and Helen Hintjens. Each scholar explains the main influences of a nation that…

    • 1200 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Rwanda Genocide Analysis

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Livestock had been killed and crops laid to waste. Everywhere there were ditches filled with rotting bodies. 7 Both had build-ups that would eventually lead to the conclusion of genocides for both of them. The mass killing of the Tutsi people from the Hutu people which ended up killing in an estimated amount of 800.000 people. The second great similarity that I find is that both were falsely accused of effecting their societies in proportional ways.…

    • 1161 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays