Essay on Causes And Effects Of The Rwandan Genocide
The word ‘genocide’ originates from the Greek word ‘genos’ meaning tribe or race, and the Latin word ‘cide’ meaning killing (Cook 4). The Rwandan Genocide stands one of the worst massacres of its kind and one of the bloodiest wars in the history of the world (Cook 88). The genocide predominantly involved the slaying of the people of the Tutsi ethnic tribe. In just one hundred days, an approximately 800,000 Tutsis had been killed by the people of the Hutu ethnic tribe (Barnett 4). This portion accounted for about a tenth of the population of the East African nation. The Hutu also died during the genocide, but the number was far less than that of the Tutsis.
The crude killing spree began after the assassination of the then president of Rwanda, Juvenal Habyarimana, whose plane was shot down at the airport in the country’s capital, Kigali, killing him and everyone aboard (Mamdani 3). On the 6th April 1994, the wave of brutality spread rapidly to all regions of the nation. The Hutu seemed determined to wipe out the Tutsis from the face of Rwanda as they blamed them for the assassination (Mamdani 3).
Causes of the genocide
One interesting aspect of the Rwandan genocide is that the two opposing groups have a lot in common. In fact, the Hutu and Tutsi people speak the same language, Kinyarwanda, and have almost similar cultures (Mamdani 73). That the two groups would fight so badly was unimaginable. The difference between them is their…