Case Study Of Periodontal Disease

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Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease that can be defined as a tissue destroying infection of the gums and bone that support your teeth. “The word ‘periodontal’ means ‘around the tooth’” (American Accreditation Healthcare Commission, 2013, p. 1). Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gum and tissues that surround and support the teeth. If left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss. Understanding the stages with their symptoms, risk factors and causes along with the treatments and the personal prevention of periodontal disease is important because the disease can be life threatening. The first step to understanding periodontal disease is to understand the different stages of the disease. …show more content…
Systemic conditions including diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) are associated with this form of periodontitis. Many people do not know that if they have a systemic condition and have periodontal disease the systemic condition can worsen if the periodontal disease is not addressed. According to Frieda Picketts’ 2012 article, State of evidence: Chronic periodontal disease and stroke in the Canadian Journal of Dental Hygiene:
Periodontal therapy can be provided safely for most individuals with CVD. Functional capacity should be assessed when CVD is reported prior to oral procedures. When a history of stroke is reported, therapy can be provided six months following the stroke with approval by the cardiologist.
There are many risk factors and causes of periodontal disease. We all know the main cause of periodontal disease is plaque, formed by bacteria, from improper oral hygiene or neglect, but other factors may affect the health of your gums. These factors can/may include but are not limited to, age, smoking/tobacco use, genetics, stress, medications, and poor nutrition (American Academy of Periodontology, 2015a). It is commonly known that a lifestyle factor of tobacco use is linked to cancer and heart disease, but did you know that tobacco users are at increased risk for periodontal disease too? Other causes can include consumption of sugar and acidic foods; and poorly contoured restorations (dental fillings or crowns) that collect

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