Case Study Of Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory

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Numerous theories have been propounded to analyze developmental changes through stages in life from birth to old age. These theories vary in assumptions in each theoretical perspective. In analyzing Jessica’s case it has become clear that she is having low self-esteem because of negative thoughts and feelings about herself. In addition to that, she is struggling with eating disorder and going through emotion stress because of pressure at home. As a social worker, it is my conviction that this case is best understood using the Social Cognitive theoretical perspective.
Bandura’s social cognitive theory also known as cognitive behavioral theory expounds “that behavior is also learned by imitation, observation, beliefs, and expectations” (E. D.
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Teenagers are self-conscious of life and turn to think about themselves in relation to others and processes how others see them or their physical appearance. People learn socially by observing others and modeling behavior after them. People are easily influenced by what they see around friends, role models and on social media and try to imitate the same behavior. It was not a surprised that, in Jessica case, she was easily influenced by her friend Sandra. Thus, her perception of beauty was changed and her feeling about beauty was losing some weight. Jessica imitated Sandra’s behavior by indulging in purging (vomiting) after …show more content…
In the case of Jessica the tendency of adolescence females indulging in self-induced vomiting is higher than males. Girls are far likely to indulge in this behavior. This theory overlooks hormonal response or change that occurs during that period which gives them the drive to test boundaries as in the case of Jessica. This theory ignores macro issues like the environment and social factors. Jessica was influenced by environment as she wanted to ‘‘fit in’’ her school athletic cheerleader. Her perception of beauty was influenced by her school environment. Not only did the school or environment influence her, but her peer too. She wanted to please her peers and maintain her interpersonal relationship with her friends. Jessica also felt the pressure from her family to be the “good child” and this theory does not factor in the role of the family in the social settings. In terms of physiological component one has to take into consideration Jessica’s perception of what beauty is all about. She needs to be encouraged to build her self-esteem and believe in herself in terms of her

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