Case Analysis Essay

2109 Words Mar 31st, 2013 9 Pages
ACCEPT OR REJECT THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENTS AS PROVIDING RATIONALLY CONVINCING ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD.

PHIL 3431: Introduction to Philosophy of Religion
November 20th, 2012

The Cosmological Argument

The cosmological argument is considered to be the relationship between the existence of the world or universe and the existence of a being that created this world or universe and maintains its existence. According to many studies, the cosmological argument comes in two forms: the modal cosmological arguments and the temporal kalam cosmological arguments.
The modal cosmological argument
The modal cosmological argument, also known as the argument from contingency, suggest that the universe existence requires an
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I am dependent for my existence on being outside me. The cause of my existence, in the beginning, were my parents. Now, forgetting the cause of my existence does not mean that I become an infinite being, but instead we rely on other factors that my existence depends on. Some of these factors allow me to exist every day, such as air, water, and food. The way that my existence depends on so many factors outside me, is to be contingent; I exist if something else exist within the time of my existence.
This explanation does not state that everything has to be the same way. For this reason, there must be something that does not need of anything else to exist. Obviously the universe cannot be this being, since it’s the collection of all beings changing in space and time. This leads to think that the cause of the universe cannot be a contingent being, instead it would be a necessary being that possesses the characteristics of existing within itself and not depending on anything else.
The temporal Kalam cosmological argument
The temporal kalam cosmological argument deals with the definition of past and its time. These arguments note that statements of an infinite past stretching back in time into infinity is reveal that there is a point in time at which the universe began to exist. In most circumstances, something that possess a

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