Carol Gilligan's Ethical Theory Summary

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As a female, I can relate to the views and beliefs of Carol Gilligan. Her belief being women and men speak in a different voice therefore they think about morality in a different way. She uses the idea of “ethic of justice” and “ethic of care” to describe how men and women view moral decisions. According to MacKinnon and Fiala, ethics of justice is a mostly male idea, and this idea says a person’s moral goals is fair treatment and respect and moral virtues are impartiality and reason. Ethics of care is a mostly female idea that says that a person’s moral goals are caring for as many needs as possible and preserving relationships. It also says a person’s moral virtues are empathy, compassion, and communication (176). According to Mackinnon …show more content…
MacKinnon and Fiala expressed that this kind of relationship will promote the idea that women should always be the one taking care of children and men and give up their own needs for them. Another worry about the care ethics theory is it will promote stereotypes that men should be treated like the dominant sex over women (180). I do not agree with these criticisms because many females care about people and the relationships with those people that are equal to them. Women care about friendships, and friendships are usually both give and take. If a friendship is more one sided, it will normally not last and cannot be considered a true friendship. Also, some men believe themselves to be dominant to women, but that idea is greatly changing. Today, men and women are thought to be more as equals. More women are stepping into the career fields that are mostly male dominant, and more men are working in women dominated fields. This shift is causing women and men to be looked at as equals rather than males always dominating over women. Also, this does not mean that men and women are not capable of thinking in ways similar to one another, but the separate ways of thinking like how Gilligan’s theory states is often more common. Both the ethic of care and ethic of justice are

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