Cardiovascular Disease Essay

1782 Words Mar 31st, 2005 8 Pages
Cardiovascular Disease in the African American Community
Causes, Preventions, and Treatments

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to the dysfunctional conditions of the heart, arteries, and veins that supply oxygen to vital life- sustaining areas of the body like the brain, the heart itself and other vital organs. Since the term cardiovascular disease refers to any dysfunction of the cardiovascular system there are many different diseases in the cardiovascular category, and many of these diseases are strongly intertwined. Ischemic Heart Disease is the medical idiom for the obstruction of blood flow to the heart. It is usually due largely in part to excess fat or plaque deposits that narrow the veins that provide oxygenated blood to
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Therefore, access to healthcare and healthcare information is not a constant option. For example, 32% of African Americans with hypertension are receiving inadequate treatment. Lower levels of education, employment status, and income are also socio-economic risk factors towards CVDs, , which lead to unnerving statistics such as the 17% of African Americans with hypertension that are aware of their condition, but are not being treated for it. Being overweight, leading a sedentary lifestyle, and smoking are the most commonly cited modifiable risk factors that contribute to an increased prevalence in heart disease. All of which are behaviors commonly exercised within the Black community. Additionally, patterns of diets and exercise are behavioral risk factors that augment the incidence of heart disease in the African American population as a result of their culture. Because of the lower socio-economic status, African Americans are not commonly awarded the luxury of eating the healthiest food or taking the time out to exercise. Also, culturally African Americans are a sedentary people. Activities such as card playing, TV watching, and other non athletic instances are strongly interweaved within the tapestry of African American culture. According to a BRFSS survey conducted in1996, the median percentage of respondents reporting no leisure time activities (broadly defined as any exercise, recreation,

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