Essay On Cardiovascular Disease

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Cardiovascular diseases are conditions that pertain to the heart and blood vessels that interfere with the normal functions of the body. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. The heart then acts as a pump and provides blood to all parts throughout the body. Occlusion due to plaque buildup interferes with blood flow. The arteries begin to narrow and blood flow is restricted to the brain. Brain cells are deprived of oxygen and begin to die resulting in a cerebrovascular accident, also known as a stroke.
A stroke is a “brain attack”. It can happen to anyone at any time. The brain and spinal cord together are known as the central nervous system. The brain is a mass of soft nerve tissue protected by bone and cushioned from injury by the cerebrospinal fluid. It consists of 6 parts
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What part affected and how severely it is damaged makes he signs of the disease vary. The most common signs of a stroke are put into an acronym known as F.A.S.T. it stands for face drooping, arm weakness, speech difficulty, and time to call 9-1-1. Beyond F.A.S.T other symptoms are sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body, sudden confusion, trouble seeing, trouble walking or severe headache. It is critical to diagnose a stroke in progress because immediate care in the first three hours can prevent brain damage.

There are three types of stroke. The most common ones are ischemic strokes. An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel is obstructed by a clot which obstructs the supply of blood to the brain.
The next type of stroke is a hemorrhagic stroke. It is most common in people with uncontrolled high blood pressure. It occurs when a weakening blood vessel ruptures causing excessive bleeding.
Transient ischemic attacks are known as warnings or “mini strokes”. They are caused by a temporary clot. These strokes are to be taken seriously because they are likely to

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