Cardiovascular Disease ( Cvd ) Essay example

828 Words Jun 28th, 2015 4 Pages
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the highest causes of deaths in many countries and is still on the increase. Prevention of CVD is the major goal throughout the world for the health care team. In the suburbs of Cook County, there are 5170 death cases and about 24,868 in the state of Illinois based from the year of 2010 (IDPH, 2010). “As our world grows richer, some populations become poorer and many become sicker” (Berra, Fletcher, Hayman & Miller, 2011). CVD, which is the principal cause of death worldwide, imposes a burden of morbidity and mortality in high as well as low-income countries (Berra, et al., 2011). This explains why CVD is a global issue and affects all kinds of population.
CVD is caused by heart and blood vessels disorders including heart attacks, stroke, hypertension, coronary heart disease, rheumatic heart disease and heart failure. Patients are majorly affected due to tobacco use, alcohol use, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity (WHO, 2014). Hypertension is yet another causal disease that imparts an increased risk of stroke, heart failure, renal failure and myocardial infarction (Guttmacher, Collins & Nabel, 2003). According to the New England Journal of Medicine, many clinical trials have shown that reductions in blood pressure reduce the incidence of stroke and myocardial infarction (Guttmacher, et al., 2003).
Apart from CVD known to be attacking both high and low socioeconomic groups globally, prevention should be started upon from a…

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