Cancer Essay examples

672 Words May 15th, 2015 3 Pages
Cancer, the body is made up of trillions of living cells. Normal cells grow, divide into cells and die. Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. There are many kinds of cancer, but they all start because of the abnormal growth of cells. Different types of cancer can behave very differently. They grow at different rates and respond to different treatments. That is why people with cancer need treatment that is made to be their own. The cancer I am going to focus on is testicular cancer. Testicular cancer can start in one or both of the testicles. It is often found in young men but can occur in any age. The testicles are made up of many different kinds of cells. Each cell can develop into one or more …show more content…
Testicular cancer can be diagnosed with by ultra sounds, blood tests, chest x-ray, CT scan (computed tomography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), and bone scans. The stage of your cancer would be determined on your tumor markers from your blood test, or imaging tests. Testicular cancer can be treated by surgery, Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and high chemotherapy and stem cell transplant. Surgery is the most often fist treatment for testicular cancer. Two types of surgery you can get are Radical Inguinal Orchiectomy and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. Radical inguinal orchiectomy is where the testicle/testicles with cancer are removed. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection is when some lymph nodes need to be removed from the belly. Not all patients have to have lymph nodes removed. If both testicles are removed the body cannot make sperm. Therefore the man cannot have kids. Also the body does not make enough testosterone so men who have had both testicles removed will usually need to take testosterone pills. Chemotherapy happens after surgery and is the use of drugs to treat cancer. Chemo cycles often last about 3-4 weeks using two or more drugs together. Some side effects of chemo are hair loss, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and low white blood cells which increase the chance of getting an infection. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays or particles to kill cancer. Common side effects are

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