(CHF): Major Causes And Symptoms Of Congestive Heart Failure
The edema or swelling, is a sign of the heart failing to pump effectively. Many signs and symptoms include tachycardia …show more content…
Acute myocardial infarction is caused by the narrowing or the blocking of the coronary arteries that supply the heart muscle with oxygen. A myocardial infarction occurs when ischemic intracellular changes become irreversible and necrosis. The patient becomes more susceptible to another occurrence of a myocardial infarction or even lead up to heart failure. Coronary artery disease is the main cause of a myocardial infarction. Many patients that have an acute myocardial infarction often have chest pains that indicate the lack of oxygen to the heart muscle.
Some signs and symptoms of an acute myocardial infarction include angina pectoris such as tightness of the chest or a heaviness with a crushing oppressive quality. Pain that will radiate to other parts of the body such as the jaw or the extremities. Nausea, vomiting, and sweating are other symptoms that usually indicate acute myocardial infarction. Shortness of breath can also occur when the heart is limited to output. Anxiety, irregular heartbeats, belching, dyspnea diaphoresis, extreme fatigue, dizziness or faintness occurs once pain abates. Patients skin will be ashen, clammy and cold. Increased blood …show more content…
If the patient is showing signs of dyspnea due to the lack of oxygen, then you would provide oxygen to that patient. Chewable aspirin can be administered to patients with cardiac problems. If the patient complains of chest pain then you will consult the medical direction with the administration of nitroglycerin. Before the administration of these medications the medical direction should called.
Right Sided Heart Failure is from a weakened right ventricle causing venous congestion in the systemic circulation and results in peripheral edema. The cause of right sided failure is left sided failure. Left sided failure results in pulmonary congestion and increased pressure in the blood vessels of the lung causing pulmonary hypertension. When the left ventricle fails or begins to pump inadequately the blood begins to back up into the right ventricle.
Signs and symptoms of right sided heart failure include, the swelling of the legs known as peripheral edema. Weight gain due to the congestion of fluids. Edema dependent body parts such as sacral edema and pedal edema. Jugular vein distention is a late sign of right sided heart failure. Liver and spleen engorgement and abdominal distention are also both late signs of right sided heart