Business Law Essay

2888 Words 12 Pages
STEP 1: Identify the principles or issue of law
The first step discusses about the element of agreement required for the formation of a contract.
STEP 2: Explain the rule(s) of law relevant to the principle/area/issue of law
Identified in step one with reference to authority
An agreement is a lawfully enforceable understanding between two or more persons who are known as the "gatherings" to the agreement. This implies that the court will implement the assention.
Contracts make lawful commitments. Commitments comprise of relating rights and obligations.
Rights and duties made by assention are portrayed as contractual rights and callings to recognize them from rights and duties that come up in different ways, e.g. by behavior.
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It was decided that the new bicycle was a basic necessity and Scarborough had to pay for it. However, the new bicycle was considered to be a basic necessity as his part exchanged his old bicycle for a new one. * for things that give a benefit
Persons with a mental incapacity are bound by agreements arrived at in clear periods, yet not generally. Contractual obligations only exist between those who have agreed to undertake them.
It takes after that just gatherings to the contract have the right to carry an activity to authorize it. This is called "privity" of contract. Price v Easton (1833) 4 B & Ad 433.
An agreement is only legally enforceable if the parties intended to be legally bound.
Intention is to be judged objectively. The court asks whether, in the circumstances, a reasonable person would regard the agreement as intended to be binding. * Domestic arrangements and social agreements * Balfour v Balfour [1919] 2 KB 571 * Cohen v Cohen (1929) 42 CLR 91 * Merritt v Merritt [1970] 2 All ER 760; 1 WLR 1211.
Commercial or business agreements * Esso Petroleum Ltd v Commissioners of Customs and Excise [1976] 1 All ER 117 * Ermogenous v Greek Orthodox Community of SA Inc [2002] HCA 8; (2002) 209 CLR 95
Agreement means a meeting of the minds (consensus) on at least those essential terms needed for a workable transaction.
For example, in a sale

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