Essay on Birth Defects And Other Health Problems

1358 Words Mar 9th, 2016 null Page
There is no way to indicate that infants might have a birth defect or other health problems. By understanding common infant health conditions and ways to prevent them may decrease the risk of having a baby born with medical issues. Birth defects usually cannot be discovered until after birth. This is why it is so important for mothers’ to really take in account that they need to take care of themselves while pregnant. In some occasions you can discover infants medical conditions prenatally. In this case, a doctor will point you in the direction to have the best possible outcome. Birth defects are defined as structural abnormalities, present at birth, with surgical, medical, or cosmetic importance. In the United States, 3% of the live births each year, approximately 120,000 infants, have identifiable structural birth defects. Issuing in 1.2 deaths per 1,000 live births, morbidity and mortality are known to be the leading cause of infant mortality. Some examples of birth defects would be, neural tube defects, orofacial defects, abdominal wall defects, and congenital heart defects. Generally, congenital heart defects are the most common birth defects, followed by musculoskeletal defects, genitourinary defects, orofacial defects, and neural tube defects (Simeone, R., Feldkamp, M., Reefhuis, J., Mitchell, A., Gilboa, S., Honein, M., & Iskander, J., 2015). Most birth defects develop within the first trimester of pregnancy. Therefore, planned pregnancy is a huge key factor in…

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