Biological And Biological Impacts Of Christopher Columbus

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Christopher Columbus’s voyages had a deep impact on the world. Columbus’s travels opened up new trade possibilities and created a true world economy. He found lands and native populations that were previously unknown to the people of Eurasia which allowed the flora and fauna in each region to mix in new ways. Biological and ecological impacts resulting from his voyages were profound. These voyages allowed cultures and societies to mix in ways that they had not before and change the course of world history.
Not much is known about Christopher Columbus prior to 1492. It is believed that he was born in 1451 to merchant parents in northern Italy. Columbus lacked a “formal education” and his geography and navigational skills were largely self-taught.
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These lands provided new resources as well. One of the biggest impacts that Columbus’s voyages had was the exchange of biological and ecological factors. These exchanges proved to be both positive and negative. Crops were exchanged that benefited both the native populations of the lands found by Columbus and the European populations. Crops such as maize, potatoes, tobacco, avocados, tomatoes, peanuts, and cacao were brought to Europe from the Americas while wheat from Europe took a strong hold in both North and South America. This exchange of food crops provided more vitamins, nutrients, and calories, especially in the diets of the peoples of Europe and Asia. Over the long term, the exchange of food crops actually increased the human populations in both Eurasia and the Americas. In addition to the exchange of crops, there was also an exchange of animals. Europeans brought domesticated animals that the natives had never seen before such as cattle, horses, pigs, and chickens. These animals provided new means of food, in the form of meat and milk, for the native peoples living in the Americas. Exchanges of food and domesticated animals often proved to be beneficial for both parties involved. Europeans were able to cultivate many of the plants they found in the New World back at home and the natives in these new lands were able to …show more content…
Columbus’s voyages started this epic exchange and it is something that historians are still studying the impact of today. Not only did Columbus’s discovery allow for the biological, ecological, and cultural exchanges to occur. It also allowed Spain to build a powerful maritime empire in North and South America by creating a permanent new route for Spanish ships to travel between Europe and the Americas and paved the way for other European powers to establish colonies in both North and South America. Without this steady travel between the two continents, colonization of North and South America would have been much more

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