Biodiversity Essay

1756 Words 8 Pages
In our planet, all life depends entirely on the variety of life existing on it and the services and goods it provides. The biological diversity within the planet such as the relationship between each specie all play a significant role. For instance, the way in which mussels help purify water affects humans and how trees provide oxygen for living species. The variety of life within our planet can be described as biodiversity. Biodiversity can be described as an umbrella term that elucidates the variety and variability of nature. It encompasses three basic levels of organisation in living systems: the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels (Admin). However, within this paper, biodiversity will be explained on a much smaller scale, which is to …show more content…
With that being said, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), every second, a parcel of the Amazon Rainforest the size of a football field disappears in order to create more land for companies to build on. For instance, in the year of 2004, the Brazilian government earned approximately 10 billion dollars by flattening areas in the Amazon in order to build soybean farms (The Economy). However, many fail to understand the mass amount of oxygen that the Amazon forest produces for the world. In fact, more than 20 percent of the world oxygen is produced in the Amazon which is home to more than an estimated 10 million species (plants, animals, insects and microorganisms) (Rainforest Preservation Benefits). For instance, species such as echinacea purpurea and slippery elm which are commonly used for medical purposes, can be greatly affected due to the loss of land. Echinacea purpurea can be used for colds, upper respiratory tract infection, slowing healing wounds and inflammation while slippery elm is known for healing wounds, ulcers, burns, cough relief and many more. Each one of these plants can greatly help mankind along with the millions of other species residing in such lands (Ehrlich & Roberson). Furthermore, without the Amazon Forest, events such as global warming, flooding, and soil erosion can occur. Since the Amazon provides carbon dioxide, having companies demolition the land can lead to an increase in global warming. Furthermore, without the trees rooting the soil, it cause sediment runoffs therefore causing a flood or a widespread of erosion due to the lack of tree roots anchoring the soil. With the loss of such plant communities, we not only be losing our source of oxygen and medicine, but also our source of materials, clothing and the beauty within

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