He was one of the founders of fascism and Hitler's Nazism was based on his fascism. Mussolini facilitated significant war production for the Germans and the creation of large, ruthless Fascist counterinsurgency forces. He also created the Vatican City which is an independent state located within the city of Rome. Mussolini made Italy predominant in the Mediterranean-Red Sea region. But his military adventures in 1935-1939 left his armed forces exhausted. The importance of Mussolini is indisputable and cannot be denied. He best known as the Axis leader who tried to start WWII and he played a major role in the Balkan Campaign.
The Balkan Campaign of World War II began with the Italian invasion of Greece on 28 October, 1940. Mussolini and his followers consolidated their power through a series of laws that transformed the nation into a one-party dictatorship. Mussolini sought to establish an Italian empire because he thought they were going to be the next Roman empire. Mussolini forced the Italian people into the war, even though they did not want to fight. Fear drove Mussolini into the war. Mussolini was able to conquer the European Sea and the African Mediterranean Sea, including France, Greece and Egypt. In 1943 he suffered great losses and he lost control over the Mediterranean Sea and their other conquered areas. After his political failure, he was captured and murdered after he was named a pawn of