Benito Mussolini: The Rise Of Nazism And Fascism
Losing WW1, the Italian population was frustrated with massive unemployment, moral devastation, human losses, and hunger. Benito Mussolini stated that he will make Italy as great as was the Roman Empire. In 1919, he started his political group called "Black Shirts", comprised of WW1 veterans. The members of the group terrorized their opponents and in three years, the Fascist Party headed by Benito Mussolini was invited to join the coalition government ("BBC - History - Historic Figures: Benito Mussolini (1883-1945)"). In 1922, chaos encased the country and only Benito Mussolini was thought to be capable of restoring peace and order. Step by step he deconstructed the democratic political bodies. Then followed the II Duce's regime built on the cult of his personality and state control of all spheres in the country. The decisiveness of the ruler was so persuasive that it was not hard to find volunteers for the conquest of Ethiopia which was added to the Italian Empire. Mussolini also gained more attention from pro-Nazi leaders by providing military support to Francisco Franco Bahamonde during the Spanish Civil War (Lukacs). In 1939, II Duce made a crucial turn in the history of Europe signing the Pact of Steel with the ruler of Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler who made such a strong impact on Mussolini that he decided to introduce the anti-Jewish legislation in Italy too. …show more content…
The Fuhrer was busy promising the German nation that it would stand up from its knees, Germans would regain the respect in the eyes of the rest European nations, and people would enjoy living decent lives. He also directed the utmost of hatred to the Romani people and Jews who, according to Nazi ideology, were inferior to the other nations and should have been erased from the face of Europe (Shen). During the war, Hitler's armies managed to invade the majority of countries and kill more than six million Jews. Alike the regime established by Mussolini, the fascist ideology and politics were defeated at the end of the war. The Nazi government fell apart and Germany was up to paying out a great compensation for the opposing European countries.
All things considered, one may assume that the two similar ideologies of Nazism and fascism were introduced in the same socio-economic circumstances. The desire for reconstruction and revenge were the strongest forces that gave rise to the rapid growth of supporters. The story of development and decay of the ideologies show high similarities as well which means that the regimes were not capable of defeating the socialistic and democratic powers of the