Essay about Benefits Of Genetically Modified Foods
Genetically modified foods are foods in which their DNA has been altered in a specific way, by humans, in order to reveal a specific trait that changes the growth time, size, shape, yield, and resistance against climate change and disease in a plant or animal. (World Health Organization, 2015) Genetic modification has been around since the beginning of time, but it occurred naturally. Plants and animals both over millions of years have naturally modified themselves by Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection or “survival of the fittest” which means, in reference to food, that the plants and animals with bad or harmful traits die off while the strong ones reproduce, passing good, helpful traits to offspring. This all would happen over the course of millions of years but of course, Humans have found a faster, more efficient way of doing this. (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2015) The Very first genetically modified food that came to the market was the “Flavr Savr” tomato. It was approved by the FDA and sold in supermarkets in 1994. The tomato which was designed by the biotechnology company Calgene, was modified so that it could ripen on the vine and continue to stay fresh and firm until sold in the store. (GMO compass, 2006) Since then, the market for genetically modified food has skyrocketed.
Genetically modified food starts with identifying a gene of interest. The gene of interest could be a gene that must be eliminated, or has a desirable trait that…