Essay on Behaviorism And The Theory Of Psychology

1497 Words Aug 15th, 2014 6 Pages
Although there are many intriguing branches of psychology, behaviorism captured many aspiring psychologists and fresh minds in the 1920s and 1930, and has been the dominant orientation of psychology since the mid 30s. Behaviorism was the radical revision of the method of psychological research. Studying conscious specimens was not accepted at the time and behaviorism called for the ban of introspection, the study of an unconscious mind. Behaviorism is a branch of psychology that started with John B. Watson’s speech “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it.” Even though considered innate, researching this topic will show behavior is learned more by environmental factors through modeling and observing. The founder, Watson, created classical conditioning, and later Burrhus Frederic Skinner (B.F. Skinner) contributed with operant conditioning. (Behaviorism, Cherry, and Wozniak).
Behaviorism had a rough start. Even though it was created in 1913, it did not really take effect until the 1920-30s. At age 35, John B. Watson wrote a piece called “Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it” in 1913 for a meeting at the New York branch of the American Psychology Association at Columbia University. He had studied at John Hopkins University and was considered an “animal behavior man” by many. One of the most referenced parts of his speech, known by many people who have studied psychology and have not, is:
“Psychology as the behaviorist views it is a purely objective experimental branch of…

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