Bandura 's Social Cognitive Theory And Effects On Children Essay
Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory is a cognitive development theory in which “great emphasis is placed on observational learning and role modelling” (Ey, 2016). This can be interpreted to mean that children will often learn behaviours from observing and imitating their peers or mentors. Woolfolk & Margetts (2012) also distinguish that both personal and environmental factors influence learning through imitation.
This essay will focus on the key concepts of Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory and how these concepts support learning in young children and adolescents. It will also discuss strengths and weaknesses of the theory, and how the Social Cognitive theory can be successfully integrated into an educational pedagogy.
Bandura’s theory focusses on the key concept of observational learning - learning by observing others complete tasks. Observational learning has four stages - attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation. (Bandura, 1986). Attention phase requires the student to observe the task that they must complete, which follows into retention stage - memorising the steps to complete the task. From here, the student reproduces the task, although practice may be needed. Once the task is complete, the positive reinforcement the student receives motivates them to repeat their newfound skill. An example of this: A student learning to draw two-point perspective. Firstly, the teacher models the process, and the…