Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Autism ) Essay

1156 Words May 22nd, 2016 5 Pages
Autism spectrum disorder, also known as ASD, refers to a wide variety of developmental disorders. It includes a wide range, or spectrum, of skills, symptoms, and levels of disability. Since it is a spectrum, people who have ASD can vary from being high functioning or severely impaired. As well as explaining the overall symptoms of ASD, this paper will also explore a specific type of ASD called, Asperger’s syndrome known as being on the high-functioning end of the autism spectrum. However, there are many common characteristics across the autism spectrum. One of these is a lack of social skills, that is, having a hard time communicating and interacting with others. Another commonality is having limited interests, only learning or wanting to learn about a certain topic. Additionally, more than 90% of children have sensory processing abnormalities. Some abnormalities include sensory seeking behavior, avoidance of sensory stimuli, diminished responses to sensory stimulation, or enhanced perceptual abilities (Woo, C. C., Donnelly, J. H., Steinberg-Epstein, R., & Leon, M., 2015).
There are many major psychological and developmental causes for ASD. There are no absolute biological indications in people with ASD, but it has a strong polygenetic component with heritability around 70% (Van de Cruys, S., Evers, K., Van der Hallen, R., Van Eylen, L., Boets, B., de-Wit, L., & Wagemans, J., 2014). Genetically, there are abnormalities in a majority of the genes of those with ASD. For…

Related Documents