Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd ) And Autism Essay

764 Words Oct 31st, 2016 4 Pages
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. (1st website) The disorders are characterized in many degrees, such as difficulty in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repeat behaviors. Those with ASD, have exceptional abilities in visual skills, music and academic skills, and other cannot live independently. Autism spectrum disorder, is considered a “spectrum disorder.” Meaning that ASD affects people in different ways, from a range that can vary from mild to severe. (2nd website) Those with ASD share common symptoms, however there are differences when they symptoms start and become noticeable, how severe they are, and the exact nature of the symptoms. (2nd website) Researchers have shown that there is no one cause of autism, just like there is not just one type. ASD varies from one child to another, but however social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors of interest, are three areas that are said to show deficits in. In every child it can vary and not necessarily every area will be affected, for instance, a child can have a little trouble in learning to read, but struggle with social interaction skills.(website 3) . Criterias that are set forth in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: fifth edition,(DSM-5) is what psychologist and psychiatrist will be using to diagnose a individual with ASD. The criteria for ASD as…

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