Australia 's Population Is Influenced By Dual Leading Factors

1236 Words Mar 9th, 2015 null Page
Introduction
Are we too big? Can we cope with up to 38 million people? Good Morning Tony Abbott and ministers, in the next seven or so minutes, three new babies will be born, two people will pass away, and six people will migrate to Australia. Australia is experiencing a large population boom which can effect our economic prosperity, livability and environmental sustainability. If however managed adequately a growing population’s impacts can be reduced and possibly eliminated, thus providing a sustainable and enjoyable society.

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Australia’s population is influenced by dual leading factors. Natural increase is both fertility and death rates combined. Statistics from the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection combined with the Australian Bureau of Statistics came up with the following statistics. Over the past decades, fertility rates have fallen dramatically, as of the year ending 2012 the rate was 1.9 births per woman, well below the replacement rate of 2.1. The introduction of the baby bonus in 2002 was not only aimed at offsetting the cost of a child, but introduced to boost the fertility rates. Death rates have also declined, but has the reverse effect on the population. People are living longer, thus creating a larger population. In 2011 the death rate was at 6.7 per 1000 men, and 4.7 per 1000 women, down from 8.3 (males) and 5.5(females). Net overseas migration, including immigration and emigration is the second factor influence…

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