Assimilation And Integration Analysis

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The purpose of this essay is to discover the effects of globalization and compare two mutually related concepts, (1) the concept of assimilation and the (2) notion of integration in the context of Canada’s policy of multiculturalism. Usually, the terms are associated with the movement of immigrants to a new country, and the social changes that occur as a result of the adjustment processes in the host country. As Favell (2005) writes, the two concepts have their roots in Durkheim’s functionalist sociology, "pointing towards the unifying cohesion that any society must achieve, via socialization of its members" (taken from the Encyclopaedia entry on the topic of Assimilation and Integration). Although the difference between the concepts of assimilation and integration may seem unsettled, it is suggested that the distinction between them is based on the fact that each and every society that strives to assimilate their immigrants is ultimately one which pressures them to resemble members of an average middle class white culture. For example, Gordon (1964; in Favell, 2005, Encyclopedia entry) argued that "the new immigrants …show more content…
Scholars from this perspective view multicultural societies as "composed of a heterogeneous collection of ethnic and racial minority groups, as well as of a dominant majority group"(B&B&F, 2008, p.121). In the context of the American society they view immigrants as the members of society who "actively shape their own identities rather than posing as passive subjects in front of the forces of assimilation" (B&B&F, 2008). Basically, the multicultural perspective considers the idea of multiculturalism in relation to the involvement of "ethnic minority groups as active integral segments of the whole society rather than just foreigners or outsiders" (Leung, 2011-2012, p.20). In other words, as Leung (2011-2012) believes, "the whole is the sum of the parts"(p.

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