Essay on Art Therapy : A Form Of Therapy

1965 Words Nov 8th, 2016 8 Pages
It is hard to identify who developed art therapy because human history has intertwined with art as far back as 30,000 BCE (Perdew, 2015, p. 14) and it is widely accepted that art evokes emotion whether it is from the observer or from the artist who uses it to portray their own emotions and perspective of the world through their art. However, the term Art Therapy can be attributed to Adrian Hill in 1942, an artist who used art with other patients when recovering from tuberculosis in a British sanatorium (Hogan, 2001, p. 29). He continued to practice Art Therapy after seeing successes with other patients and after being discharged from the hospital (Hogan, 2001, p. 29). Netherence, a psychiatric hospital in Britian, employed Adrian Hill as the first official art therapist 1946 (Bitonte, 2014, p. 1)
Art as a form of therapy existed before Adrian Hill coined the term and began practicing it with clients. Art was used in therapy before 1942 as moral reinforcement and psychoanalysis among other things (Bitonte, 2014, p. 1). At its heart, art therapy is as much about art as it is about therapy. Most well versed practioners identify as both an artist and as a therapist (Rubin, 2016, p. 2). In the beginning many people who began to practice Art Therapy were primarily artists (Rubin, 2016, p. 33). Art making in and of its self is a therapeutic act.
Initially, art therapy was based heavily on psychoanalytic theory (Rubin, 2016, p. 3). However, art therapy has been combined and…

Related Documents