Essay on Aristotle 's Theory Of Virtues

1109 Words Sep 7th, 2014 5 Pages
Modern day philosophers tend to begin crafting their theories around the question of, what is the right thing to do? By doing so, theories they create are fundamentally different than those created by ancient philosophers whom began by asking, which traits make one an ethical person? With ancient and modern philosophers beginning their theories with different questions, the theories they develop vary. Modern philosophers have developed theories such as the Social Contract and Utilitarianism, which others declare to be bankrupt. These thinkers believe that philosophers should return to a form of thinking similar to that of Aristotle, who believed that a Theory of Virtues should dominate philosophy. Theories of virtue have roots in different backgrounds varying from theological virtues that idealize faith, hope, charity and obedience to views idealized by Aristotle, such as courage, self-control, generosity, and truthfulness. Stemming from these different approaches, moral law is derived and stems from human reason rather than divine commands. The main position offered up by this chapter claims that it would be beneficial for all of society to refer back to a system of governing that is based in virtue rather than in theories that have been designed around what is right. The British philosopher, G. E. M. Anscombe who suggested that modern philosophical thought is the same as a “law without a lawgiver”, first offered the notion of returning to a belief centered on Aristotle’s…

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