Aristotle And Utilitarianism : Utilitarianism Or Kantian Moral Philosophy

777 Words Jun 2nd, 2016 4 Pages
Critical Essay: Aristotle and Utilitarianism
Sometimes we are asked whether virtue ethics can be understood by utilitarianism or Kantian moral philosophy, or if it is a distinct position. Taking a look at Aristotle’s ethics shows us that it certainly can be different. In particular, Aristotle presents us with an ethics of aesthetics in contrast to the more standard ethics of cognition: A virtuous cause can classify the right actions by their aesthetic qualities; aesthetic qualities the philosophical theory or set of principles governing the idea of beauty at a given time and place. Additionally, the person’s concern with their own aesthetic character gives us a key to the important role the emotions play for Aristotle, which further distinguishes him from the other two theories we have mentioned. Utilitarianism, is a system of ethics that based upon the assumption that right action involves maximizing pleasure in the most people, and wrong action minimizing pain. Aristotle believed that it was not the same as pleasure because that would make us a little different than animals. As you can see the views of Aristotle and utilitarianism differ in many areas, yet they are still similar in an aspect, whether its influences, from their culture, or even their background. Being that the utilitarian view of happiness written different from the view of Aristotle, this view centers on the fact that happiness is attained by maximizing a person’s utility. Some people agree that the…

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