Aristotle And Locke : A Reflection Of Life, Liberty, And The Pursuit Of Happiness

1639 Words Dec 3rd, 2015 7 Pages
Aristotle and Locke believe that life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are products of the system they live in. However, their views on how this structure is organized varies. While Aristotle believes government should have a big role in the citizen’s lives and create happiness amongst it’s people, Locke believes government is necessary, but should only have minimal involvement. Unlike Aristotle, Locke believes all people are citizens and together make up the government. While Aristotle’s regimes are a reflection of the way of life, Locke believes government is not a reflection of the way of life and is formed from society. While Locke never uses the word citizen, he clearly defines what roles, ideas, and values the people should hold in his writing of the Second Treatise. The State of Nature is a key part of Locke’s system and is the idea that all people are equal and free. It requires “a state of equality, wherein all the Power and Jurisdiction is reciprocal, no one having more than another: there being nothing more evident, than that creatures of the same species and rank promiscuously born to all the same advantages of Nature”(4). While they are “free” to do what they want, natural laws prohibit anyone from abusing their powers and using it to harm others. Locke states that all people in a state of nature are in mutual agreement, which in turn makes them all members of a political society. People create government because it gives them essential things that the…

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