Argument For Kant: A Rationalist Existence Of God

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Among important intellectual currents and historical change during the onset of 'modernity ' and the Englightenment, is the pressing question over the existence of a rationalist notion of 'god '. In the quote that will be analyzed in this discussion, the importance of metaphysics or what is 'transcendental ' for Kant will be the focus. In the age of the Enlightenment, and in a response to important skeptical arguments made by Hume and others, god 's very existence is at stake for Kant. Kant want 's to have a 'perfect god ' but also a 'perfect moral law ' bound to metaphysics, but a god that is empirically grounded in metaphysics. He uses the conceptional and rational capacity of human 'consciousness ', which is meta-physical or 'beyond …show more content…
Virtue is a contingency, but we have the freedom to choose. That freedom or its existence is 'necessary ', and not 'contingent ' . Free-choice means that a 'connection ' between 'identity ' and 'non-identity/contingency ' exists in 'consciousness '. Thought and sensory action come together in our freely chosen movements/actions. Further, the 'necessity ' of free-choice shares the metaphysical status of this 'god ' for Kant. The necessity of freedom cannot be acquired through experience, but it is excercised through sensory experience. In this regard, he argues along with Hume that identity is not a portion of the soul with a different ontology. It is not a problem of metaphysics, and so Kant is a true champion of the Enlightenment. At least in his goals and attempt. However, he knows that it fails nonetheless. To fall short of perfection or to negate identity, is to know the very 'antinomy ' that is being negated. One cannot say 'x is not yellow ' without knowing apriori, what 'yellow ' is. Or, one cannot be a-political without supposing the 'political ' in some way. The quote being analyzed in this discussion states: "Religion is the recognition of all duties as divine commands, not as sanctions, i.e., arbitrary and contingent ordinances of a foreign will, but as essential laws of any free will as such". 'Essential laws ' supposes a definition of Essence or 'necessity/identity '. For Kant, that is an answer to the question or the problem that Leibniz poses. Our 'essence ' is freedom, while the external world is 'contingent ' and freely moveable by us through conscious actions. We know our identity or necessity through the excercise of freedom. But that 'necessity ' and 'freedom ' is given to us. It is a necessity that remains in metaphysics because the necessity of freedom is an 'idea ' or a 'rational concept '. The

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