Architectural Design Of St. Paul Essay

881 Words Nov 9th, 2014 4 Pages
• Architectural Design
St. Peter’s in Rome was rebuilt in the 16th century, and it replaced a very old basilican structure. St. Peters was built under the supervision of two different Popes, Nicholas V and Julius II. Very little was accomplished under Nicholas’s reign, but the work was completed under Julius’ reign. The work began on Aril, 18, 1506 and the work continued through a succession of architects: Bramante, Raphael, Peruzzi, and Sangallo which all made huge changes to the design. Then the dome of St. Peters was designed by Michelangelo, and the nave plan was changed again by Sixtus V. The building was finished in 1614, and was consecrated by Urban VII on November 18, 1626. (Oxford University Press, 2009)
St. Peter’s total length from the entrance to the apse is 403.5 feet, the nave itself is 298 feet long. The wide of the nave and aisles together is 208 feet, and there five parallel spaces of the nave and aisles that have 22 columns each. The total amount of columns is 100, which is one of the reason St. Peter’s is so famous. The nave’s height from the pavement to the peak of the rook is 124.5 feet tall. There are windows in the outer aisles but they filter the light, the main illumination comes from the eleven windows on each side above the colonnade. The column shafts in the nave were made of five different materials including: red granite (from Egypt), gray granite (from Egypt), cipollino- a green-veined marble (from Greece), portasant- reddish marble (from the…

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