Apush Ch 9 Essay

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Chapter 9: Economic Transformation, 1820-1860

Section 1: The American Industrial Revolution
How did American textile manufactures compete with British manufactures? How successful were they? American textile manufactures were at an advantage compared to British manufactures, and they were very successful. America persuaded Britain to prohibit the export of textile machinery and the emigration of mechanics. Yet, still many British mechanics migrated over to the United States because they were lured by the higher wages. In competing the British mills, America had the advantage of an abundance of natural resources. America’s farmers were able to produce large amounts of cotton and wool, and they had fast flowing rivers that provided good
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Every year, new transportation networks in the cities were being created that our country was developing rapidly and positively.

Section 3: New Social Classes and Cultures
What social classes were created by the economic revolution? Describe their defining characteristics. The Industrial Revolution, Market Revolution, and Economic Revolution created the Business Class (wealthier people), Middle Class, and the Urban Workers and poor people. The business elite people were wealthy, removed physically and ideologically from lower social classes and the middle class, and isolated. The managers and owners of industry, they inhabited separate residential neighborhoods in large cities, and were exploiters of cheap immigrant laborers. They took advantage of their power for benefit and sometimes it helped the country. The Middle class people were engaged in regular economic businesses of society, including noticeable consumption for material comfort as their incomes increased during the Market Revolution. They viewed themselves as self-made men, based on hard work ethic and moral and mental discipline from heavy drinking and gambling. They possessed a strong belief in public education and wanted their children to be well educated. Finally, the urban workers and the poor were dependent on the upper class for work, engaged in manual or skilled labor, believed in

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