Applying The Joint Operational Access Concept (CDO) Challenges?

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Since the early days of warfare, the ability of a commander to capably command and control forces generally determined the victor on the field of battle. Commanders would employ flags, drums, bugles, fifes, and even smoke signals to coordinate the movements of their armies on the battlefield to bring combat power to bear on the enemy. Of course, the days when a commander stood on a hilltop, observed his army in battle, and employed these rudimentary C2 methods have long since passed. The rapid pace and complexity of modern warfare, particularly with the advent of fast-moving aircraft, exponentially complicates C2 and highlights the importance of integrating assets and synchronizing operations to effectively employ airpower. To keep pace, …show more content…
Adversaries employing Anti-access and Area-denial (A2AD) capabilities will seek to ….. Applying the Joint Operational Access Concept (JOAC) to meet these challenges requires future joint forces leverage cross-domain synergy—“the complementary vice merely additive employment of capabilities in different domains such that each enhances the effectiveness and compensates for the vulnerabilities of the others—to establish superiority in some combination of domains that will provide the freedom of action required by the mission.”14 Seamless C2 of airpower will be essential in Success in future wars, engaged with near-peers in full-spectrum warfare, may require a C2 paradigm shift to maintain the airpower dominance the US enjoys today. Some airpower experts even suggest that “emerging technologies and concepts” will lead the Air Force to consider “evolving in the direction of a “centralized command, distributed control, and decentralized execution construct…an appropriate progression towards more agile, flexible C2 in an era of increasing threats and accelerating information velocity.”15 This progression requires a commitment to increase the scope and effectiveness of C2 readiness training. Equally important to remember, as stated in the 2012 Air Force Message to the 112th Congress XX, partnering with the joint and coalition team to win today’s fight remains a top Air Force priority. Meeting global challenges as a joint coalition builds legitimacy, shares the burden with partners, and delivers synergistic combat capabilities. For Airmen, this entails mastering C2 of airpower in a complex joint, multinational environment requiring synchronized operations with technical, e.g., equipment, and procedural, e.g., TTPs, interoperability. Airmen must continue to innovate and train to maintain the dominant advantage that superior

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