Antibiotic Resistance As A Global Health Threat Essay

1421 Words Aug 28th, 2016 null Page
The antibiotic was discovered in 1930 and 1940, and antibiotic is a drug given to the patient that has an infection caused by microbes, such as bacteria, parasites and fungi. It was a transformative sign for human medical history and veterinary medicine, in particular, the antibiotics have saved millions of lives due to their effectiveness to controlling infection diseases. Regrettably, antibiotics have been used so widely and this has led to the rapid appearance of antibiotic resistance. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), antibiotic resistance has become a global health threat. In addition, in 2014 US president Barack Obama had issued an executive order calling for the implementation of measures to reduce the emergence and speed of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (The White House,2014). The WHO defines antibiotic resistance as a bacterium no longer responses to the medicine which leads to spread infection. This mean the infection diseases cannot be controlled. The antibiotic resistance however was detected even before penicillin existed. In 1945, Sir Alexander Flaming who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945, cautioned about the capability of bacteria to develop resistance due to the over-reliance on antibiotics, after 70 years his prediction has been realized (Howard et al., 2013). This essay will highlight the problems of antibiotic resistance, particularly will focus on overuse and misuse of antibiotic in the humans ' community and…

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