Annotated Bibliography On Oppositional Defiant Disorder Essay
Appalachian State University
Overview of ODD ODD is a pattern of behaviors; angry/irritable mood, argumentative/defiant behavior, and vindictiveness. The symptoms have to be distressing in areas of social functioning to themselves and others, and cause significant problems in all areas such as school, work, home. The symptoms must be present among at least one person that is not a sibling. The behaviors have to occur almost every day for six months or more. The behaviors need to be significantly more than in their peers, and can not be associated with other disorders such as anxiety, depression, antisocial behavior and substance abuse. (Grimmett et.al, 148). Also, children with ODD often have an array of academic problems, they are often suspended- in or out of school, they have a higher drop out rate, and lower grades and test scores. Misdiagnosis was common among children that were assessed as having symptoms of OCD in response to rigid classroom rules; bipolar disorder or ADHD and engagement and destructive behavior and anxiety disorder social anxiety and dislike for school/defiance towards teachers. (Grimmett et.al, 148-149). It ranges from 1-11% in prevalence but the average is 3.3%, and this could vary depending on age and gender. (DSM 5).
Prevalence/ Comorbidity According to the DSM 5, the disorder seems to be more prevalent in males than females in…