Animal Testing In Biomedical Research Essay

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The use of animal testing in biomedical research has been a major controversy between Animal rights activists and Medical scientist. The argument to whether the use of animals are necessary for biomedical research has been ongoing for many years. Although cell line (cell culture) has proven to be an effective alternative method of testing in biomedical, I believe Animal testing plays a vital roll in biomedical research to study and solve health related problems, and to develop cures, and drugs for medical purposes. Scientists have been studying diseases, developing new techniques and treatments by using animals as models due to the fact that animals are more susceptible to many of the same health problems as humans.
 Before I look …show more content…
According to Paul Flecknell, Ph.D., Professor of Laboratory Animal Science, Newcastle University. The reason for animal experimentation in biomedical research is for medical researchers to study and better understand body processes. He also added that they use animals to study the causes and effects of illnesses and to develop and test drugs, surgical techniques and other medical therapies (Flecknell). What is animal testing? 
 Animal testing is an In vivo research (from Latin meaning “in the living”) experimentation done in or on the living organism tissues as a whole (Whatis). However the term “Animal testing” according to the publisher(s) for Humane Society International website, refers to “procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases, assessing the effectiveness of new medicinal products, and testing the human health and/or environmental safety of consumer and industry products such as cosmetics, household cleaners, food additives, pharmaceuticals and industrial/agro-chemicals.”(About Animal Testing…). Now that we have an understanding of what to each term refers to lets look at the arguments from both the Medical scientist and …show more content…
If not animals who or what will be use in an in vivo experiment? Every animal has something similar to humans and contribute to different research. For example California Biomedical Research Association (CBRA) “chimpanzees share more that 99% of DNA with humans” (Why Are Animals…). also according to American Anti-Vivisection Society (AAVS) webpage, “Primates are used in pharmaceutical and bioterrorism experiments. primates are also used in experiments related to infectious disease such as AIDS, malaria, TB, Lyme disease, Ebola, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, drug abuse, xenotransplantation (cross-species transplants), toxicology, vaccinations, age-related research, gene therapy, neurosciences, and reproductive biology”(Non-human Primates…). Rats & Mice are usually use in the development of gene therapy, Dogs are use to develop survival and medical advance (organ translate techniques), Cats are use to develop vaccine to prevent feline leukemia, a contagious viral infection that affects cat. 
 Even though alternatives to animal testing are suggested to replace the traditional animal testing, they are experiments done in cells that are carried out in vitro research, and on computational models or what is called a biochemical assays. These method are usually more complex and precise

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