Analyzing The Narrative Analysis Of Oliver 's Performance Was Below Age Expectations On Terms Of His Surface Structure, Cohesion

1268 Words Apr 25th, 2016 6 Pages
PART B: EXPLANATORY NOTES
Assessment Summary
Besides having good grammar, the narrative analysis revealed several indications that Oliver’s performance was below age-expectations in terms of his surface structure, cohesion and overall organization. Firstly, his surface structure was not age appropriate and lacking in certain aspects. Children age 4 or 5 generally achieve complexity in more than 20% of their utterances (Paul, 1981). With 26% of his narrative being complex sentences, it indicated that his level of sentence complexity was about 4 years below chronological age expectations, which also reduced his ability to express complex thoughts and ideas (Vasilyeva, Waterfall, & Huttenlocher, 2008). Hence, his story was significantly shorter than expected for his age. His retell also had 6 disruptions due to several instances of word finding difficulties, which could imply a possibility of an expressive language disorder (Guo, Tomblin, & Samelson, 2008).
Next, Oliver’s overall narrative cohesion was not age appropriate with only 62.5% complete ties despite being in his third year of formal education. Children should present with less than 15% incomplete ties by the first formal education (Beliavsky, 2003). Hence, this difference in cohesion abilities as compared to the age-expected level was indicative of a language disorder (Liles, 1985). School-aged children could be considered to have difficulty generating a cohesive text if they produce less than 70% complete cohesive…

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