Analyzing the Components of the Psychoanalytic Approach to Personality

1212 Words Apr 28th, 2011 5 Pages
Analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality
Herbert Reeves
PSY/250
April 26, 2011
David Brueshoff

Analyzing the components of the psychoanalytic approach to personality Theories are analytical tools for understanding, explaining, and making predictions about a given subject matter. One such subject of much debate is the psychoanalytic theory. In order to grasp a hold of this intriguing subject matter, one has only to examine the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler. The most notable of the three is Freud. It was Freud's pioneering use of the term "the I" ("das Ich" in his native German, which was then translated into the Latin "ego") that brought "ego" into common
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Freud’s Theory The Id seeks pleasure, The Superego follows rules and regulations, and The Ego tries to balance the two. Freud’s Stages of Development According to Freud we have this psycho- sexual energy which is focused on certain anatomical parts. The first stage is the Oral Stage and this psycho- sexual energy is focused on the mouth. During this stage pleasure is derived from mouthy activities. Eating, breast feeding, thumb sucking all bring pleasure at this stage. If pleasure is not achieved at this stage a person can become fixated on this stage and later in life unconsciously attempt to satisfy their needs through overeating, smoking, talking too much. The second stage is the Anal Stage it appears at around the age of two and three. This stage is focused on stimulation of elimination and is also the first time that you have to follow someone else’s rule. As in toilet training which can bring pleasure because you’re pleasing someone else by obedience. Fixation on this stage can lead to characteristics of being rude and aloof. The third stage is the Phallic Stage; this stage has to do with dominance, aggression, and competition. You see little boys at the age of three or five playing king of the hill, I’m up here you’re down there games. If there is not enough satisfaction in this stage fixation can occur and manifest

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