Essay on Analysis Of Gulliver 's Travels By Jonathan Swift

1351 Words Mar 4th, 2015 null Page
Gulliver’s Travels is a novel authored by Jonathan Swift in 1726. The novel is a satire, a critical attitude mixed with humor and wit, and an allegory, an extended metaphor, of eighteenth century English politics. Lemuel Gulliver, the protagonist, embarks on four journeys to four strange and unknown countries. The fourth and final visit is to the land of the Houyhnhnms. This country is inhabited by Houyhnhnms, horses with reason and intellect, and Yahoos, human-like beings who are monstrous and obtuse. In this fourth part of the novel, Gulliver no longer has a care for humankind and he comes to idolize Houyhnhnm society. The Houyhnhnm society is a republic governed and guided by the principles of reason and integrity. The power of Houyhnhnm society is invested in sovereignty—the power of the people. Houyhnhnms do not require laws because they are governed by reason and they agree about what is right and what is wrong. Breaking laws is an unreasonable act and having laws that would not be broken is useless. “Upon the whole, the behavior of these animals was so orderly and rational, so acute and judicious” (Swift 240). The utopian society, as perceived by Gulliver, was so flawless that the Houyhnhnms did not understand the concept of a lie—no word in the Houyhnhnm language exists for lying. “For he [Master] argued thus, that the use of speech was to make us understand one another, and to receive information of facts; now if any one said the thing which was not, these ends…

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