An Argument On The Ground Of Morality Essay

901 Words Nov 9th, 2015 4 Pages
About the Ground of Morality
In the controversy of the general foundation of morality, Hume insists that sentiment is the ground of morality, and Kant holds that reason is the foundation of morality. In my opinion, although reasons play a role in morality, it is sentiment that ultimately determine what is morally good or evil. In this essay, I will explain both Hume and Kant’s arguments, elaborate on an objection to Kant’s argument with explanation, and finally provide the potential objection to Hume’s argument.
Hume contends that sentiment is the foundation of morality. He proposes two instances of moral goodness, benevolence and justice, in his paper to show that all human beings approve of benevolence and justice, because they are conducive to public utility. Therefore, benevolence and justice are morally good. In other words, people feel a sense of pleasure towards these virtues. Hume’s saying that “public utility is a foundation of the chief part of morals” means that as we acquire enough knowledge (facts) towards an issue, it will finally depend on public utility, which is either useful to the public or makes us feel a sense of pleasure, for us to decide whether the issue is virtuous or vicious. In contrast of Hume’s opinion, Kant argues that the good will is the only good without limitation. According to Kant, the will is the capacity to act from the representation of laws. It focuses on our intention rather than consequences of actions. Therefore, we should act in…

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