Essay about An Analysis Of Howard Becker 's Book ' Outsiders '

1410 Words Nov 9th, 2016 6 Pages

As stated in Howard Becker’s book ‘Outsiders’, Becker (1963) created the labelling theory and explains that the majority of social groups create rules, and at times and under a few circumstances, to attempt to enforce them. The social rule is defining situations and the type of behaviours which are appropriate, distinguishing a few actions as ‘right’ and ‘wrong’. Therefore, when a rule is enforced, the individual who breaks the rule is seen as one of a kind, someone unique; someone who cannot be trusted to live by the rule agreed by the group. This individual is regarded as an outsider; thus always subsequently judged.

A few people would assume that to a large extent, men who have sex with other men have been negatively labelled by other individuals who see their sexual preferences or lifestyles to be despicable. The labels that gay men get called include, ‘faggots’, ‘perverts’, ‘poofters’, ‘queers’. This involves those who have not identified themselves as gay, but can be objected to labels, for example ‘repressed homosexuals’ or ‘closet cases’. Labelling has been one of the contributors for leading to gay behaviours as bareback sex, drug use and the transmission of HIV intentionally.

According to Erving Goffman (1963), furtherly discussing the stigmatisation that follows with labelling. Goffman believes that individual might view themselves as ‘damaged’. Hence, if an individual is negatively labelled based on his sexual identity / behaviour, the assumption of…

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