An Analysis Of Homer 's Epic Poem, The Iliad Essay

782 Words Oct 17th, 2015 4 Pages
Literature plays an essential role in enhancing our knowledge about a civilization’s core values and cultural beliefs. Myths, written works, and oral stories are all different forms of literature. Two central themes in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad, provide us with many insights to ancient Greece as a civilization. Throughout The Iliad, the glorious pursuit of war preeminently serves as a driving force behind the whole poem. The poem’s heavy emphasis on pride, honor, and bravery illustrates that these ideal characteristics are also highly valued by the Greeks. The ancient Greek civilization is greatly intertwined with war-related conquests of expansion through the use of aggressive military policies. Hence, violence and military conflicts are not foreign aspects to this war-centered civilization. As previously mentioned by Chloe, the concept of heroism is very much embraced as a whole both in ancient Greece and in The Iliad because it means that a person could obtain everlasting fame and glory by participating in the war effort even if it means to die in battle. This concept is not application to females, but instead, is often only reserved for males. Even though both men and women die during wars, the death of a man is more commonly revered as seen in the deaths of Patroclus and Hector. Along with the military honor and pride that accompanied war, the horrific realities of war cannot be overlooked. War and violence pave the way for revenge, bloodlust, and deaths. When…

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