Ghana Kingdom

Superior Essays
Africa was a very diverse continent that had many different kingdoms including The Kingdom of Ghana, The Kingdom of Mali, lastly The Kingdom of Songhai. One of the main kingdoms was the Kingdom of Mali. Ghana was the ruling kingdom for hundreds of years but due to losing in wars it collapsed during the 1100s. Once it collapsed The Kingdom of Mali rose to power. During the middle of the 1200s Mali was established by Sundiata Keita. Sandiata won or defeated Ghana and captured its capital in 1240. He established wealth and power through the salt and gold trade. The salt and gold trade was during a lot of the 1200s. Caramel Caravans would carry salt and other things from the North America all the way to the Sahara. Caravans took the items to trade …show more content…
Ghana was the first big trading state in West Africa, the surfaced during 500 A.D. Located in the upper Niger River Valley, between the Sahara and tropical forests in West Africa. Most Ghanaian people were local farmers living in a small village. Ghanaian rulers governed without laws so for example say someone steals there is no written law for what they could do to this person so this person may just be executed. Like all the other kingdoms kings relied on their forceful military. Blacksmiths in Ghana were so treasured because their main trading item was iron ore and they could use iron ore to make tools and or weapons. Ghana also had as much gold as the world has ever seen. At one point in time the animals of Ghana wore golden collars and slept on silk and plush carpets. Ghana’s gold was the center and most traded product of the biggest trading empire of Africa. Muslims from North Africa brought items such as : Metal goods , textile, horses, and salt. Ghanaians used salt for the taste and to preserve their food. Salt was also a medicine of some sort they used salt to replace what their bodies lost in the hot climate. Gold was not the only thing ghanaians traded they also traded Ivory, Hides , and slaves. Just like all the other kingdoms camels were a major part in their trade. Camels were very much adapted to desert temperatures and could hydrate themselves with large quantities of water at once. 100 camels would have goods and supplies for a caravan trek. These caravans moved at a rate of 3 miles per hour, by them going this slow it would take at least 40 to 60 days to reach its destination. Kings in the Ghanaian kingdom became wealthy because of they taxed everything that came in and everything that came out. By the ninth and eighth century Muslims took the trade to as far as Southwest Asia this caused the Kingdom to collapse. The Americas contrary to the Africa had many

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Why Is Mali Successful

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages

    With the gold mined from the goldfields, he governed Mali very successfully and eventually became “the richest man on earth.” Mali had so much gold that during his pilgrimage to Mecca, he showered the poor in gold. As Mansa Musa wandered about, accompanied by his many guards and performers, he gave out presents. “Some people were handed luxury goods. Others were given a small nugget of gold. The elders of every town received special gifts” (MrDonn).…

    • 924 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Mali Empire Eq

    • 840 Words
    • 4 Pages

    a V. The expansion of trade and the movement of people affected Mali Empire by engaging in the expansion of land seeking for more natural resources and trading routes. 1. Mansa Musa spent so much gold in Cairo that the value plummeted and took years to recover from. (Jonson) i. During his pilgrimage to Mecca, Mansa Musa spent so much gold on a variety of things, but he also gave it away for free showing how powerful and wealthy he is, and most famously when he stopped by in Cairo.…

    • 840 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    and made it the official religion of Axum. The Nubians had a great impact on other empires and regions especially in trade and religion wise. The people of Bantu, which came around 1000 the modern period, made their way to South Africa. They made a great trade with gold and ivory like the people of Nubians did, and also many other things such as perfume and slaves. In 1498, the people of Portuguese arrived into the region, and Europeans took control of the world wide trading network.…

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Most economic growth came from the gold mines found throughout Mali. Since a lot of gold was found in the empire, gold held the economic value. From the north salt was traded for gold. in the government the emperor held the most power. the emperor was depended to create fair and safe laws for the society to live by.…

    • 403 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Empire Of Ghana Dbq Essay

    • 572 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In present time the flag of Ghana has the colors of red, gold, and green. The gold in the flag stands for Ghana’s industrial mineral wealth. According to Document 3 it states, “African gold was indeed so famous worldwide that a Spanish map of 1375 represents the king of Mali holding a gold nugget. When Mossi raids destroyed the Mali empire, the rising Songhai empire relied on the same resources.” This shows that the influence of gold in Africa have impacted a region beyond Africa. Upcoming empires have also relied on the same resource that had made many empires very powerful and wealthy, that resource is gold.…

    • 572 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Iron Smelting In Africa

    • 1009 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Iron smelting and forging technologies have existed in African societies between about 1000 and 500 B.C.E. The Iron Age is an important period in Africa that is often met with diffusion theories, on whether or not iron began there. Iron smelting, and other smelting is still used today in certain parts of Africa. Hitherto stone had been the strongest material around for making tools and weapons. Metal was a far more high quality raw material, compared to others, as it could be made into an infinitely wide range of shapes and sizes, for decoration and for trading, not just tools and weapons.…

    • 1009 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    With an overhead cost around 93 guilders, the WIC generated an appreciable profit from just Atlantic slavery. Alongside of this, the WIC was sending salt and sugar back to the Netherlands to be refined and then exporting rum and Dutch manufactured goods back to Africa to be traded for African slaves. This created the Dutch triangle and became one of the most lucrative importing and exporting industries the world has ever seen. In addition, the WIC sent silver from Spanish mines to the VOC to maintain Dutch dominance in the East Indies. This success was short lived for the WIC, however.…

    • 1042 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Major Ghana Societies

    • 1404 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Major Societies The major societies and states of sub-Saharan Africa started with Ghana in the 4th or 5th century. Ghana was a state of west Africa whose kings controlled trade of gold by tax so they could gain money to build a army and strong society. This state was later Mali, after a group of new individuals took it over. These new individuals kept the strong practices of Ghana until it was invaded and became Songhay. Songhay was developed in the 15th century and traded salt, textiles, and metal for gold and slaves.…

    • 1404 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    (Voyages into World History Vol 1 3rd edition, by Valerie Hansen and Kenneth Curtis, page 319) Ancient Mali Trade Routes The gold industry was very important in the ancient Empire of Mali. The North African coast is where they would trade. They would trade mostly through the Sahara desert by their camels. Even though they would risk each trip through the Sahara due to its dry, hot climate, the trade was very important to the empires economy. The Mamluks in Egypt and the Merinid empire in North Africa made it possible for their gold to make it to the Mediterranean which lead their trade grounds even…

    • 656 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Mansa Musa, the man with the famous legend of his haji to Mecca. He had lived from 1280 to 1337, and was the fourteenth century Mali Empire emperor. In 1312 Musa became emperor following the death of the previous ruler of Mali, Abu-Bakr II. Mali was an empire in West Africa that lasted from 1230 to 1600 and under Mansa Musa’s rule it became the largest and richest area of Africa. As Ruler of Mali he had captured the kingdom of Songhai and made its most major city, Timbuktu, a very vital and important trading center in the North African area.…

    • 1505 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays