Social Stigma And Drug Therapy Essay

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Social stigma and labelling can have a huge impact on the attitude of medication in the client. Subsequently, the reaction of family and friends of the patients to the disorder as well as the medication also may become a social problem. For example, a patient’s spouse may divorce him or her and children may neglect them. There are other problems as well such as discrimination from employers and general public.

Psychology academics often debate about the ethical issues surrounding drug therapy. Some say that patients lack the ability to give consent and therefore administering drugs may not entirely be ethical (Zola, 1972). However, others believe that it is the drugs that facilitate the psychotherapy to happen smoothly leading to recovery.
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Antipsychotic meds are fundamentally used to oversee psychosis. "Psychosis" is used to portray conditions that influence the brain, and in which there has been some loss of contact with reality, frequently including delusions (false, rigid convictions) or hallucinations and Thought disorder. A portion of the first-generation antipsychotics include: Chlorpromazine, Haloperidol, Perphenazine, Fluphenazine etc. More current or second era meds are additionally called "atypical" antipsychotics. A portion of the regular atypical antipsychotics include: Olanzapine, Risperidone, Ziprasidone

These medicines are primarily categorized as typical (first line) and atypical (second-generation) anti-psychotics. They have distinct properties that vary in terms of mechanism and side-effects. All types of antipsychotics manipulate dopaminergic D2-receptors while most of them also affect other monoamines as antagonists. The following table differentiates the advantages and disadvantages of the two types:

Typical drugs
Atypical drugs
Does not cause galactorroeha, but has the potential to cause extra-pyramidal
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It is by and large more powerful than alternate medications in taking care of the symptoms of psychosis alongside diminishing self-destructive contemplations, such as suicide among schizophrenics. Furthermore, it avoids side-effects such as shakiness and stiffness. It additionally does not produce effects like tardive dyskinesia (TD). It can make patients who utilize it drowsy, and it causes a heightened production of salivation. In this case, the psychiatrist must prescribe additional medication to suppress the salivation. Clozapine also diminishes the white platelet rates in many people, expanding the odds of infections. This implies a patient taking clozapine should experience standard blood tests, and the medication should be ceased periodically with the goal that the bone marrow can deliver the white platelets that the patient's body

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