Mental Disorders: The Five Types Of Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects people both mentally and physically. This disorder takes effect over how a person acts, thinks, and feels. There are five different kinds of schizophrenia; paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, residual, and schizoaffective ("Schizophrenia - Types of Schizophrenia - Symptoms." 1). Each of these has their own tell-tale signs. Some of the recurring symptoms are being distant or withdrawn, having trouble expressing normal feelings or behavior, or not being able to tell the difference between what is real and what is not ("NIMH · Schizophrenia." 1). Contrary to popular belief schizophrenia is not caused by bad parenting or tragic events. The biggest contributor to the cause of schizophrenia is genetics. …show more content…
the first kind is called positive symptoms. Positive symptoms are defined as psychotic behaviors not usually seen in mentally healthy people. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders, and movement disorders. Hallucinations are the most common symptom in schizophrenics. The most frequently reported hallucination is “voices”; sometimes there is one voice reported and sometimes multiple voices are reported. Delusions are almost as common as hallucinations. Delusions are a false reality that the sufferer creates and still believes in even after it has been proven nonexistent ("NIMH · Schizophrenia."1). the second kind of symptoms is called negative symptoms. Negative symptoms are mostly associated with disruptions of normal behaviors and emotions in sufferers. The negative symptoms are commonly mistaken for depression instead of schizophrenia. Some of these symptoms include Lack of happiness or enjoyment of everyday life, “flat effect” (which is when someone does not want to move or speak), speaking very little, and lack of ability to plan or attend events involving other individuals. Lastly there are cognitive symptoms. Cognitive symptoms are subtle and are usually mistaken for other things not as a part of the disorder. The cognitive symptoms include Poor ability to understand information, poor decision making, …show more content…
It is very important to try to identify the cause of of someone’s schizophrenia because the cause could influence what kind of treatment the sufferer is given. When it comes to treating the five types of schizophrenia, the causes cannot always be identified. For this reason treatments are aimed at eliminating the patient’s symptoms. Treatments for this disorder include antipsychotic medications and various psychosocial treatments ("NIMH ·Schizophrenia." 1). Antipsychotic medications like Chlorpromazine (Thorazine), Haloperidol (Haldol), Perphenazine (Etrafon, Trilafon), Fluphenazine (Prolixin) are used to treat psychotic symptoms, hallucinations, and breaks with reality. These medications are usually in pill form or liquid form but they can also be administered as shots once or twice a month. Although there are many different medications to handle the symptoms of schizophrenia I do not think that medicine is the ideal way to treat the disease because there are many side effects to antipsychotics. Side effects like Drowsiness, Dizziness, Blurred vision, Rapid heartbeat, Sensitivity to the sun, and Skin rashes ("NIMH · Schizophrenia." 1). I feel a better way to treat

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