Why Are African Countries Poor

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African countries have suffered from poverty and the relatively backward economy for a long time. What makes African countries historically relative poor, economists presented different ideas. As along with the spread of disease, chaotic social system, African countries stuck in a dilemma. Although political independent and globalization provided a lot of opportunities, the limited wealth and the low income restrict the investment for future development so that local people can only maintain living standards at the basic level. The extensive gap in welfare, health, living standard and economic opportunities have been affected African countries over time. At the same time, the geographical disadvantages of African countries further put Africa at a disadvantage. Low agricultural productivity, extreme climate conditions and diminished traditional culture composed the impediment to development.

In addition to this, one of the most important factors has been disputed, which is ‘institution’. Namely, how could the countries mechanism and regulation can create job and enhance productivity and eventually promote the wealth accumulation. However, because of the special colonization history, the institutions of African countries are disordered and fragile.

African slaves had been transported across the Atlantic Ocean from the 16th through to
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Based on the Solow Model, in the short run, economic growth is determined by the change in the capital investment, labor force growth and depreciation rate. However, lacking of elite and investment increased the burden for African countries to promote output. On the other hand, relatively low technology in African countries restricted the growth. The long time colonisation compelled African countries away from the opportunities of technology progress and trading, so that missed to follow the trend of global economic

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