Adult Obesity: Application of Orem, King, and Pender's Conceptual Models

2988 Words Feb 25th, 2006 12 Pages
NUR513—Theoretical Foundations of Nursing
Adult Obesity: Application of Orem, King, and Pender's Conceptual Models

Adult obesity is one of the United States most serious health problems. Approximately 127 million adult Americans in the U.S. are overweight (American Obesity Association, n. d.). "Each year, obesity causes at least 300,000 excess deaths in the U.S., and healthcare costs of American adults with obesity amount to approximately $100 billion" (American Obesity Association, n. d.). Nurses in the healthcare profession are facing new challenges in managing this disease. This paper will analyze adult obesity by applying nursing theories from Dorothea Orem, Imogene King, and Nola Pender's models.
Adult Obesity's Relevance to
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239). The conceptual framework includes three systems: personal, interpersonal, and social. This framework identified major concepts within each structure. The personal system concepts are perception, self, body image, growth and development, time, and space. The interpersonal system is composed of interaction, transaction, communication, role, and stress. The model is completed by the social system concepts which are organization, authority, power, status, and decision making. King's Theory of Goal Attainment, according to Goodwin, Kiehl, & Peterson (2002) "incorporates 10 components extracted from the personal and the interpersonal systems: perception, growth and development, self, space, time, interaction, communication, transaction, role, and coping" (p. 239). The purposes of these concepts assist common agreements between nurse and client resulting in goal achievement. Williams (2001) stated "To capture the essence of these interrelated concepts, King stated that nurse and client interactions are characterized by verbal and nonverbal communication, in which information is exchanged and interpreted; by transactions, in which values, needs, and wants of each member of the dyad are shared; by perceptions of nurse and client and the situation; by self in role of client and self in role of nurse; and by stressors influencing each person and

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